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Approximate controllability of a semilinear impulsive stochastic system with nonlocal conditions and Poisson jumps


The objective of this paper is to investigate the approximate controllability of a semilinear impulsive stochastic system with nonlocal conditions and Poisson jumps in a Hilbert space. Nonlocal initial condition is a generalization of the classical initial condition and is motivated by physical phenomena. The results are obtained by using Sadovskii’s fixed point theorem. Finally, an example is provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the obtained result.


The concept of controllability plays a major role in both finite and infinite dimensional spaces for systems represented by ordinary differential equations and partial differential equations. One of the basic qualitative behaviors of a dynamical system is the controllability. The problem of controllability is to show the existence of control function, which steers the solution of the system from its initial state to the final state, where the initial and final states may vary over the entire space. Conceived by Kalman, the controllability concept has been studied extensively in the fields of finite and infinite-dimensional systems. If a system cannot be controlled completely, then different types of controllability, such as approximate, null, local null, and local approximate null controllability, can be defined. For more details, the reader may refer to [19] and the references therein.

Meanwhile, the theory of impulsive differential equations describes processes which experience a sudden change of their state at certain moments. Dynamics of many evolutionary processes with such a characteristic arise naturally and are often, for example, population dynamics, control theory, physics, biology, medicine, etc. These perturbations can be well-approximated as instantaneous change of state or impulses. These processes are modeled by impulsive differential equations. Few works have been reported in the study of stochastic integrodifferential equations with impulsive effects, refer to [2, 1013].

The Poisson jumps have become very popular, they are extensively used to model many of the phenomena arising in areas such as economics, finance, physics, biology, medicine, and other sciences. Moreover, many practical systems (such as sudden price variations [jumps] due to market crashes, earthquakes, epidemics, and so on) may undergo some jump-type stochastic perturbations. The sample paths of such systems are not continuous. Therefore, it is more appropriate to consider stochastic processes with jumps to describe such models. In general, these jump models are derived from Poisson random measure. The sample paths of such systems are right-continuous and have left limits. Recently, an increasing interest in the study of stochastic differential equations with jumps has been observed [1416]. Luo and Liu [17] established the existence and uniqueness theory of mild solutions to stochastic partial functional differential equations with Markovian switching and Poisson jumps. It should be noted that most of the literature in this direction was mainly concerned with results on controllability of stochastic equations without jumps. However, up to now controllability problems for nonlinear stochastic dynamical systems with jumps have not been considered in the literature. In order to fill this gap, this paper considers the approximate controllability of semilinear stochastic control systems with nonlocal conditions using Sadovskii’s fixed point theorem.

The goal of the present research work is to focus on studying the approximate controllability of a semilinear impulsive stochastic system with nonlocal conditions and Poisson jumps of the form

$$ \begin{aligned} &\begin{aligned} dz(t)&= \bigl[Az(t)+Bu(t)+f\bigl(t,z(t)\bigr) \bigr]\,dt+\sigma \bigl(t,z(t) \bigr)\,dw(t) \\ &\quad {}+ \int _{\mathcal{U}} h(t,z_{t},u)\tilde{N}(dt,du),\quad t\in J, t\neq t_{k}, \end{aligned} \\ &\Delta z(t_{k})=I_{k}\bigl(z(t_{k}) \bigr),\quad t=t_{k}, k=1,2,\ldots,m, \\ &z(0)=z_{0}+p(z), \end{aligned} $$

where A is the infinitesimal generator of a semigroup of bounded linear operator \(\{ \mathcal{T}(t) \} \), \(t\in [0,T]\) on H. B is a bounded linear operator from the Hilbert space U into H. The control \(u\in \mathscr{L}^{2}_{ \Im }([0,T],\mathrm{U})\); \(f: [0,T]\times \mathrm{H}\rightarrow \mathrm{H}\); \(\sigma : [0,T]\times \mathrm{H}\rightarrow \mathscr{L} ^{0}_{2}\); \(h: [0,T]\times \mathrm{H} \times \mathcal{U} \rightarrow \mathrm{H}\) and \(I:\mathrm{H}\rightarrow \mathrm{H}\) are suitable functions, and p is a continuous function from \(\mathscr{C}([0,T], \mathrm{H})\rightarrow \mathtt{H}\). Also, the fixed moments of time \(t_{k}\) satisfy \(0=t_{0}< t_{1}<\cdots <t_{m}<t_{m+1}=b\), \(z(t^{+}_{k})\) and \(z(t^{-}_{k})\) denotes the right and left limits of \(z(t)\) at \(t=t_{k}\), respectively; \(\Delta z(t_{k})=z(t^{+}_{t})-z(t^{-}_{k})\) represents the jump in the state z at time \(t_{k}\) with \(I_{k}\) determining the size of the jump.


Let \((\varOmega ,\Im ,\mathbb{P})\) be a complete probability space with a normal filtration \(\Im _{t}\), \(t\in [0,T]\). Let H, U, and E be the separable Hilbert spaces. Let w be a Q-Wiener process on \((\varOmega ,\Im _{T},\mathbb{P})\) with the covariance operator Q such that \(\operatorname{tr} Q <\infty \). Let us suppose that there exists a complete orthonormal system \(e_{n}\) in E, a bounded sequence of real numbers \(\lambda _{n}\), where \(\lambda _{n}>0\) such that \(Q e_{n}= \lambda _{n}e_{n}\), \(n=1,2,3,\ldots \) , and a sequence \(\beta _{n}\) of independent Brownian motions such that

$$ w(t) = \sum^{\infty }_{n=1}\sqrt{\lambda _{n}}\beta _{n}(t)e_{n},\quad t\in J, $$

and \(\Im _{t}=\Im ^{\mathcal{W}}_{t}\), where \(\Im ^{\mathcal{W}}_{t}\) is the σ-algebra generated by w. Let \(\mathscr{L}^{0}_{2}= \mathscr{L}_{2}(Q^{1/2}\mathrm{E};\mathrm{H})\) be the space which consists of all Hilbert–Schmidt operators from \(Q^{1/2}\mathrm{E}\) to H with the norm \(\Vert \zeta \Vert = \operatorname{tr}[\zeta Q \zeta ^{*}]\). Let \(J_{1}=[-h,T]\) and the Banach space \(\mathscr{PC}(J_{1},\mathscr{L}_{2}(\varOmega ,\Im _{t},\mathtt{H}))\) of all piecewise continuous functions \(z(t)\) from \(J_{1}=[-h,T]\) into \(\mathscr{L}_{2}(\varOmega ,\Im _{t},\mathtt{H})\) be defined, which satisfies

$$ \sup_{t\in J_{1}}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert z(t) \bigr\Vert ^{2} < \infty . $$

Let \(\mathrm{H}_{2}\) be a closed subspace of \(\mathscr{PC}(J_{1}, \mathscr{L}_{2}(\varOmega ,\Im _{t},\mathrm{H}))\) that consists of all measurable and \(\Im _{t}\)-adapted processes \(z(\cdot ):t\in [-h,T]\) with the norm topology by

$$ \Vert \varphi \Vert _{\mathrm{H}_{2}} = \Bigl(\sup_{t\in [0,b]} {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \varphi (t) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathrm{H}} \Bigr) ^{1/2}. $$

Suppose that \(\{ P(t), t\geq 0 \} \) is a σ-finite stationary \(\Im _{t}\)-adapted Poisson point process taking values in measurable space \((\mathrm{U}, \mathscr{B}(\mathrm{U}))\). The random measure \(N_{p}\) defined by \(N_{p}((0,t]\times \varLambda ):=\sum_{s \in (0,t]}1_{\varLambda }(P(s))\) for \(\varLambda \in \mathscr{B}(\mathrm{U})\) is called the Poisson random measure induced by \(P(\cdot )\), thus, we can define the measure Ñ by \(\widetilde{N}(dt,du)=N_{ \mathscr{P}}(dt,du)-v(du)\,dt\), where v is the characteristic measure of \(N_{P}\), which is called the compensated Poisson random measure.

Definition 2.1


System (1) is approximately controllable on \([0,T]\) if

$$ \overline{\mathtt{R}(T)}=\mathscr{L}_{2}(\varOmega ,\Im _{T},\mathtt{H}), $$

where \(\mathtt{R}(T)= \{ z(T;u):u\in \mathscr{L}_{\Im }^{2}([0,T], \mathtt{U} ) \} \).

Definition 2.2

A stochastic process \(z\in \mathtt{H}_{2}\) is a mild solution of (1) if, for each \(u\in \mathscr{L}^{2}_{\Im }([0,T],\mathtt{U})\), it satisfies the integral equation

$$\begin{aligned} z(t) =&\mathcal{T}(t) \bigl[y_{0}+p(z) \bigr]+ \int ^{t}_{0} \mathcal{T}(t-s) \bigl[Bu(s)+f \bigl(s,z(s)\bigr) \bigr]\,ds \\ &{}+ \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s)\sigma \bigl(s,z(s) \bigr)\,dw(s)+ \int ^{t}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}}\mathcal{T}(t-s)h\bigl(s,z(s),u\bigr)\tilde{ \mathtt{N}}(ds,du) \\ &{}+\sum_{0< t_{k}< t}\mathcal{T}(t-t_{k})I_{k} \bigl(z(t_{k})\bigr). \end{aligned}$$

The following are the main assumptions in this paper:

  1. (H1)

    \(T(t)\), \(t\geq 0\) is the strongly continuous semigroup of the bounded linear operator generated by A such that \(\max_{0 \leq t \leq T} \Vert T(t) \Vert \leq M\).

  2. (H2)

    The functions \(f:[0,T]\times \mathtt{H}\rightarrow \mathtt{H}\) and \(\sigma : [0,T]\times \mathtt{H}\rightarrow \mathscr{L}^{0}_{2}\) satisfy that there exist \(C_{1}>0 \), \(C_{2}>0 \), \(N_{1}>0\), and \(N_{2}>0\) such that

    $$\begin{aligned}& \bigl\Vert f(t,z_{1})-f(t,z_{2}) \bigr\Vert ^{2}\leq C_{1} \Vert z _{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2},\qquad \bigl\Vert f(t,z_{1}) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \leq C_{2}\bigl(1+ \Vert z_{1} \Vert ^{2}\bigr), \\& \bigl\Vert \sigma (t,z_{1})-\sigma (t,z_{2}) \bigr\Vert ^{2}\leq N_{1} \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2},\qquad \bigl\Vert \sigma (t,z_{1}) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \leq N_{2}\bigl(1+ \Vert z _{1} \Vert ^{2}\bigr). \end{aligned}$$
  3. (H3)

    The function \(h: [0,T]\times \mathtt{H} \times \mathcal{U} \rightarrow \mathtt{H}\) satisfies that there exist \(K_{1}>0\), \(K_{2}>0\), \(L_{1}>0 \), and \(L_{2}>0\) such that

    $$\begin{aligned}& \int _{\mathcal{U}} \bigl\Vert h(t,z_{1},u)-h(t,z_{2},u) \bigr\Vert ^{2} _{\mathbb{X}}v (du) \leq K_{1} \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2} _{\mathbb{X}}, \\& \int _{\mathcal{U}} \bigl\Vert h(t,z_{1},u) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathbb{X}} v(du) \leq K_{2} \bigl(1+ \Vert z_{1} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathbb{X}}\bigr), \\& \int _{\mathcal{U}} \bigl\Vert h(t,z_{1},u)-h(t,z_{2},u) \bigr\Vert ^{4} _{\mathbb{X}}v (du) \leq L_{1} \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{4}, \\& \int _{\mathcal{U}} \bigl\Vert h(t,z_{1},u) \bigr\Vert ^{4} v(du) \leq L _{2} \bigl(1+ \Vert z_{1} \Vert ^{4}\bigr). \end{aligned}$$
  4. (H4)

    There exist some positive constants \(M_{p}\) such that

    $$ \bigl\Vert p(z_{1})-p(z_{2}) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \leq M_{p} \Vert z_{1}-z _{2} \Vert ^{2},\qquad \bigl\Vert p(z_{1}) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \leq M_{p}\bigl(1+ \Vert z_{1} \Vert ^{2}\bigr). $$
  5. (H5)

    \(I_{k}: \mathrm{H}\rightarrow \mathrm{H}\) satisfies

    $$ \bigl\Vert I_{k}(z_{1})-I_{k}(z_{2}) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \leq q_{k} \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2},\qquad \bigl\Vert I_{k}(z_{1}) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \leq q_{k} \bigl(1+ \Vert z_{1} \Vert ^{2} \bigr). $$
  6. (H6)

    For each \(0\leq t < T\), the operator \(\zeta (\zeta I+\varGamma ^{T} _{t})^{-1}\rightarrow 0\) is the strong operator topology as \(\zeta \rightarrow 0^{+}\), where

    $$ \varGamma ^{T}_{t} = \int ^{T}_{t}\mathcal{T}(T-s)BB^{*} \mathcal{T}^{*}(T-s)\,ds $$

    is the controllability Gramian. Observe that the linear deterministic system corresponding to (1)

    $$ \begin{aligned} &dz(t) = \bigl[Az(t)+Bu(t) \bigr]\,dt, \quad t\in [0,T], \\ &z(0) = z_{0}, \end{aligned} $$

    is approximately controllable on \([t,T]\) iff the operator \(\zeta ( \zeta I+\varGamma ^{T}_{t})^{-1}\rightarrow 0\) strongly as \(\zeta \rightarrow 0^{+}\).

Main result

Lemma 3.1


For any\(z_{T}\in \mathscr{L}_{2}(\varOmega ,\Im _{T}, \mathtt{H})\), there exists\(\phi \in \mathscr{L}^{\Im }_{2}([0,T], \mathscr{L}^{0}_{2})\)such that\(z_{T}={\mathbf{{E}}}z_{T}+ \int ^{T}_{0}\phi (s)\,dw(s)\).

For any\(\zeta >0\)and\(z_{T}\in \mathscr{L}_{2}(\varOmega ,\Im _{T}, \mathtt{H})\), we define the control function

$$\begin{aligned}& u^{\zeta }(t,z_{1}) \\& \quad = B^{*} \mathcal{T}^{*}(T-t) \biggl[\bigl(\zeta I+\varPsi ^{T}_{0} \bigr)^{-1}\bigl({\mathbf{{E}}}z_{T}-\mathcal{T}(T) \bigl(z_{0}+h(z _{1})\bigr)\bigr)+ \int ^{t}_{0}\bigl(\zeta I+\varPsi ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1}\phi (s)\,dw(s) \biggr] \\& \qquad {}-B^{*}\mathcal{T}^{*}(T-t) \int ^{t}_{0}\bigl(\zeta I+\varPsi ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1} \mathcal{T}(T-s)f \bigl(s,z_{1}(s)\bigr)\,ds \\& \qquad {}-B^{*}\mathcal{T}^{*}(T-t) \int ^{t}_{0}\bigl(\zeta I+\varPsi ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1} \mathcal{T}(T-s)\sigma \bigl(s,z_{1}(s)\bigr)\,dw(s) \\& \qquad {}-B^{*}\mathcal{T}^{*}(T-t) \int ^{t}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}}\bigl(\zeta I+ \varPsi ^{T}_{s} \bigr)^{-1}\mathcal{T}(T-s) h\bigl(s,z_{1}(s),u\bigr) \tilde{\mathtt{N}}(ds,du) \\& \qquad {}-B^{*}\mathcal{T}^{*}(T-t) \bigl(\zeta I+\varPsi ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1}\sum ^{m}_{k=1} \mathcal{T}(T-t_{k})I_{k} \bigl(z_{1}(t_{k})\bigr). \end{aligned}$$

Lemma 3.2

There exists\(\mathtt{M}_{u} >0\)such that, for all\(z_{1},z_{2} \in \mathtt{H}_{2}\), we have

$$\begin{aligned}& {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert u^{\zeta }(t,z_{1})-u^{a}(t,z_{2}) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \leq \frac{ \mathtt{M}_{u}}{\zeta ^{2}} \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}, \end{aligned}$$
$$\begin{aligned}& {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert u^{\zeta }(t,z_{1}) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \leq \frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{\zeta ^{2}} \bigl(1+ \Vert z_{1} \Vert ^{2}\bigr). \end{aligned}$$


Let \(z_{1}, z_{2} \in \mathtt{H}_{2}\). By hypothesis and Holder’s inequality, we obtain

$$\begin{aligned}& \mathbb{E} \bigl\Vert u^{\zeta }(t,z_{1})-u^{\zeta }(t,z_{2}) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \\& \quad \leq 5{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert B^{*}\mathcal{T}^{*}(T-t) \bigl( \zeta I+\varPsi ^{T}_{0}\bigr)^{-1}\mathcal{T}(T) \bigl[p(z_{1})-p(z_{2})\bigr] \bigr\Vert ^{2} \\& \qquad {}+5{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert B^{*}\mathcal{T}^{*}(T-t) \int ^{t} _{0}\bigl(\zeta I+\varPsi ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1}\mathcal{T}(T-s)\bigl[f \bigl(s,z_{1}(s)\bigr)-f\bigl(s,z _{2}(s)\bigr)\bigr]\,ds \biggr\Vert ^{2} \\& \qquad {}+5{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert B^{*}\mathcal{T}^{*}(T-t) \int ^{t} _{0}\bigl(\zeta I+\varPsi ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1}\mathcal{T}(T-s)\bigl[ \sigma \bigl(s,z_{1}(s)\bigr)- \sigma \bigl(s,z_{2}(s) \bigr)\bigr]\,dw(s) \biggr\Vert ^{2} \\& \qquad {}+5{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert B^{*}\mathcal{T}^{*}(T-t) \int ^{t} _{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}}\bigl(\zeta I+\varPsi ^{T}_{s} \bigr)^{-1}\mathcal{T}(T-s)\bigl[h\bigl(s,z _{1}(s),u \bigr)-h\bigl(s,z_{2}(s),u\bigr)\bigr] \\& \qquad {}\times\tilde{\mathtt{N}}(ds,du) \biggr\Vert ^{2} \\& \qquad {}+5{\mathbf{{E}}} \Biggl\Vert B^{*}\mathcal{T}^{*}(T-t) \bigl(\zeta I+ \varPsi ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1} \sum^{m}_{k=1}\mathcal{T}(T-t_{k}) \bigl[I_{k}\bigl(z_{1}(t _{k}) \bigr)-I_{k}\bigl(z_{2}(t_{k})\bigr)\bigr] \Biggr\Vert ^{2} \\& \quad \leq \frac{5}{\zeta ^{2}}M^{2}_{B}M^{4}M_{g} \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}+ \frac{5}{\zeta ^{2}}M^{2}_{B}M ^{4}b \int ^{t}_{0}C_{1}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert z_{1}(s)-z_{2}(s) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}\,ds \\& \qquad {}+\frac{5}{\zeta ^{2}}M^{2}_{B}M^{4}L_{\sigma } \int ^{t}_{0}N_{1} {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert z_{1}(s)-z_{2}(s) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{ \mathtt{H}}\,ds \\& \quad \leq \frac{5}{\zeta ^{2}}M^{2}_{B}M^{4}M_{g} \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}+ \frac{5}{\zeta ^{2}}M^{2}_{B}M ^{4}b \int ^{t}_{0}C_{1}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert z_{1}(s)-z_{2}(s) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}\,ds \\& \qquad {}+\frac{5}{\zeta ^{2}}M^{2}_{B}M^{4}L_{\sigma } \int ^{t}_{0}N_{1} {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert z_{1}(s)-z_{2}(s) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{ \mathtt{H}}\,ds \\& \qquad {}+\frac{5}{\zeta ^{2}}M^{2}_{B}M^{4} \int ^{t}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}} {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert h\bigl(s,z_{1}(s),u \bigr)-h\bigl(s,z_{2}(s),u\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}v(du)\,ds \\& \qquad {}+\frac{5}{\zeta ^{2}}M^{2}_{B}M^{4} \biggl( \int ^{t}_{0} \int _{ \mathcal{U}}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert h\bigl(s,z_{1}(s),u \bigr)-h\bigl(s,z_{2}(s),u\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{4}v(du)\,ds \biggr)^{1/2} \\& \qquad {}+\frac{5}{\zeta ^{2}}M^{2}_{B}M^{4}K \int ^{t}_{0} {\mathbf{{E}}} \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}\,ds \\& \quad \leq \frac{5}{\zeta ^{2}}M^{2}_{B}M^{4} \bigl[M_{p}+C_{1}T^{2}+L _{\sigma }N_{1}T+K_{1}b+\sqrt{L_{1}} \sqrt{T}+K \bigr] \Vert z _{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}_{2}} \\& \quad = \frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{\zeta ^{2}} \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}_{2}}, \end{aligned}$$

where \(K={\mathbf{{E}}}\sum^{m}_{k=1} \Vert q_{k} \Vert ^{2}\), \(\mathtt{M}_{u}= 5M^{2}_{B}M^{4} [M_{p}+C_{1}T^{2}+L_{G}N _{1}T+K_{1}T+\sqrt{L_{1}}\sqrt{T}+K ]\). When \(u^{\zeta }(t,z _{2})=0\), the second inequality can be proved in the same approach. □

Theorem 3.1

Assume that (H1)(H5) are satisfied. Then equations (1) have mild solution on\([0,T]\)with the result that

$$ \begin{aligned} &12M^{2}M_{p}+6M^{2} \biggl(6M^{2}_{B}T^{2} \frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{\zeta ^{2}}+T^{2}C_{2}+L_{G}N_{2}T+TK_{2}+ \sqrt{L_{2}}\sqrt{T}+K \biggr) < 1, \\ &5M^{2}M^{2}_{B}T\frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{\zeta ^{2}} +5M^{2}TC_{1}+5M^{2}L _{G}N_{1}T+5M^{2}K_{1}T+5M^{2} \sqrt{L_{1}}\sqrt{T}+5M^{2}KT < 1. \end{aligned} $$


Define the operator \(\varTheta _{\zeta }:\mathtt{H}_{2}\rightarrow \mathtt{H}_{2}\), for \(\zeta >0\), by

$$\begin{aligned} (\varTheta _{\zeta }z) (t) =&T(t)\bigl[z_{0}+p(z)\bigr]+ \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s)\bigl[Bu ^{\zeta }(s,z)+f\bigl(s,z(s)\bigr)\bigr]\,ds \\ &{}+ \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s)\sigma \bigl(s,z(s) \bigr)\,dw(s)+ \int ^{t}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}} \mathcal{T}(t-s)h\bigl(s,z(s),u\bigr)\tilde{ \mathtt{N}}(ds,du) \\ &{}+ \sum_{0< t_{k}< t}\mathcal{T}(t-t_{k})I_{k} \bigl(z(t_{k})\bigr). \end{aligned}$$

Step 1. For any \(z\in \mathtt{H}_{2}, \varTheta _{a}(z)(t)\) is continuous on \([0,T]\).

By assumptions and Holder’s inequality, we have

$$\begin{aligned}& {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert (\varTheta _{\zeta }z) (t_{2})-( \varTheta _{ \zeta }z) (t_{1}) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \\& \quad \leq 11 \biggl[ \bigl[2 \bigl({\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \bigl( \mathcal{T}(t_{2})-\mathcal{T}(t_{1}) \bigr)z_{0} \bigr\Vert ^{2}+ {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \bigl(\mathcal{T}(t_{2})-\mathcal{T}(t_{1})\bigr)p(z) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \bigr) \bigr] \\& \qquad {}+t_{1} \int ^{t_{1}}_{0}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \bigl[ \mathcal{T}(t _{2}-s)-\mathcal{T}(t_{1}-s)\bigr]f \bigl(s,z(s)\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2}\,ds \\& \qquad {}+M^{2}(t_{2}-t_{1}) \int ^{t_{2}}_{t_{1}}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert f \bigl(s,z(s)\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2}\,ds \\& \qquad {}+L_{\sigma } \int ^{t_{1}}_{0}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \bigl[ \mathcal{T}(t_{2}-s)-\mathcal{T}(t_{1}-s)\bigr]\sigma \bigl(s,z(s)\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2}\,ds \\& \qquad {}+M^{2}L_{\sigma } \int ^{t_{2}}_{t_{1}}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \sigma \bigl(s,z(s)\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2}\,ds \\& \qquad {}+t_{1} \int ^{t_{1}}_{0}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \bigl[ \mathcal{T}(t _{2}-s)-\mathcal{T}(t_{1}-s) \bigr]Bu^{\zeta }(s,z) \bigr\Vert ^{2}\,ds \\& \qquad {}+ \Vert B \Vert ^{2}M^{2}(t_{2}-t_{1}) \int ^{t_{2}}_{t_{1}} {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert u^{\zeta }(s,z) \bigr\Vert ^{2}\,ds \\& \qquad {}+ \int ^{t_{1}}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \bigl[ \mathcal{T}(t_{2}-s)-\mathcal{T}(t_{1}-s)\bigr]h \bigl(s,z(s),u\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2} v(du)\,ds \\& \qquad {}+ \biggl( \int ^{t_{1}}_{0} \int _{\mathbb{U}}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \bigl[ \mathcal{T}(t_{2}-s)-\mathcal{T}(t_{1}-s)\bigr]h \bigl(s,z(s),u\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{4} v(du)\,ds \biggr)^{1/2} \\& \qquad {}+ \int ^{t_{2}}_{t_{1}} \int _{\mathcal{U}}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \mathcal{T}(t_{2}-s)h \bigl(s,z(s),u\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2} v(du)\,ds \\& \qquad {}+ \biggl( \int ^{t_{2}}_{t_{1}} \int _{\mathcal{U}}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \mathcal{T}(t_{2}-s)h \bigl(s,z(s),u\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{4} v(du)\,ds \biggr) ^{1/2} \\& \qquad {}+\sum_{0< t_{k}< t_{1}}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl( \bigl\Vert \mathcal{T}(t_{2}-t_{k})-\mathcal{T}(t_{1}-t_{k}) \bigr\Vert \bigl\Vert I_{k}\bigl(z(t_{k})\bigr) \bigr\Vert \bigr)^{2} \\& \qquad {}+\sum_{t_{1}< t_{k}< t_{2}}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl( \bigl\Vert \mathcal{T}(t_{2}-t_{k}) \bigr\Vert \bigl\Vert I_{k}\bigl(z(t_{k})\bigr) \bigr\Vert \bigr)^{2} \biggr]. \end{aligned}$$

Thus utilizing LDC theorem, the RHS of the considered inequality tends to zero since \((t_{2}-t_{1} )\rightarrow 0\). Accordingly, \(\varTheta _{\zeta }(z)(t)\) is continuous from the right in \([0,T)\). A relative intent demonstrates that \(\varTheta _{\zeta }(z)(t)\) is similarly continuous from the left in \((0,T]\). Consequently, on \([0,T]\), \(\varTheta _{\zeta }(z)(t)\) is continuous.

Step 2. Let \(B_{n}= \{ z\in \mathtt{H}_{2}: {\mathbf{{E}}} \Vert z(t) \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}\leq n \} \), then the set \(B_{n}\) is obviously a bounded, closed, and convex set in \(\mathtt{H}_{2}\) for each integer \(n>0\).

From Holder’s inequality and (H1), we get

$$\begin{aligned} {\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s)f\bigl(s,z(s) \bigr)\,ds \biggr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \leq & {\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl[ \int ^{t}_{0} \bigl\Vert \mathcal{T}(t-s)f \bigl(s,z(s)\bigr) \bigr\Vert _{\mathtt{H}}\,ds \biggr]^{2} \\ \leq & M^{2}T \int ^{t}_{0}C_{2}\bigl(1+{ \mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert z(s) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \bigr)\,ds \\ \leq & M^{2}TC_{2} \int ^{t}_{0}\Bigl(1+\sup_{s\in [0,T]} {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert z(s) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \Bigr)\,ds \\ \leq & M^{2}T^{2}C_{2}\bigl(1+ \Vert z \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}\bigr). \end{aligned}$$

From (H2), we get

$$\begin{aligned} {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \mathcal{T}(t-s)\sigma \bigl(s,z(s)\bigr)\,dw(s) \bigr\Vert \leq & L_{\sigma } \int ^{t}_{0}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \mathcal{T}(t-s)\sigma \bigl(s,z(s)\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{L^{0}_{2}}\,ds \\ \leq & L_{\sigma }M^{2}N_{2} \int ^{t}_{0}\Bigl(1+\sup_{s\in [0,b]} {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert z(s) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathbb{H}} \Bigr)\,ds \\ \leq & L_{\sigma }M^{2}N_{2}T\bigl(1+ \Vert z \Vert ^{2}_{ \mathbb{H}_{2}}\bigr). \end{aligned}$$

Next, from (H4) and (H5), we get

$$\begin{aligned} {\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \int ^{t}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}} \mathcal{T}(t-s)h\bigl(s,z(s),u\bigr)\tilde{ \mathtt{N}}(ds,du) \biggr\Vert ^{2} \leq & M^{2} \biggl( \int ^{t}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}} {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert h\bigl(s,z(s),u\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2}v(du)\,ds \biggr) \\ &{}+M^{2} \biggl( \int ^{t}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}}{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert h\bigl(s,z(s),u\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{4}v(du)\,ds \biggr)^{1/2} \\ \leq & M^{2}TK_{2}\bigl(1+ \Vert z \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}\bigr)+M^{2}\sqrt{L _{2}}\sqrt{T}\bigl(1+ \Vert z \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \bigr). \end{aligned}$$

Similarly, from assumption (H7), we get

$$ {\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \sum_{0< t_{k}< t} \mathcal{T}(t-t_{k})I _{k}\bigl(z(t_{k}) \bigr) \biggr\Vert ^{2} \leq M^{2}K\bigl(1+ \Vert z \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}\bigr). $$

Now, we have to prove that there exists a number \(n>0\) such that \(\varTheta _{\zeta }(B_{n})\subseteq B_{n}\).

If not, for each \(n>0\), there exists a function \(z_{n}(\cdot )\in B _{n}\) but \(\varTheta _{\zeta }z_{n}\) does not belong to \(B_{n}\), that is, \({\mathbf{{E}}} \Vert \varTheta _{\zeta }z_{n}(t) \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}> n\) for \(t\in J\). Also, by Lemma 3.2 and hypotheses (H2), (H3), we get

$$\begin{aligned} n \leq &{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \varTheta _{\zeta }z_{n}(t) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \\ =&6{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \mathcal{T}(t)\bigl[z_{0}+p(z)\bigr] \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}+6{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \int ^{t}_{0} \mathcal{T}(t-s)Bu^{\zeta }(s,z) \biggr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \\ &{}+6{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s)f\bigl(s,z(s) \bigr)\,ds \biggr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}+6 {\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s)\sigma \bigl(s,z(s) \bigr)\,dw(s) \biggr\Vert ^{2}_{ \mathtt{H}} \\ &{}+6{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \int ^{t}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}} \mathcal{T}(t-s)h\bigl(s,z(s),u\bigr)\tilde{ \mathtt{N}}(ds,du) \biggr\Vert ^{2} _{\mathtt{H}}+6{ \mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \sum_{0< t_{k}< t} \mathcal{T}(t-t_{k})I_{k}\bigl(z(t_{k}) \bigr) \biggr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \\ \leq & 6M^{2} \bigl[2{\mathbf{{E}}} \Vert z_{0} \Vert ^{2}+2{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert p(z) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \bigr]+6M ^{2}M^{2}_{B}T^{2} \frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{\zeta ^{2}}\bigl(1+ \Vert z \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \bigr) \\ &{}+6M^{2}T^{2}C_{2}\bigl(1+ \Vert z \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}\bigr)+6L_{ \sigma }M^{2}N_{2}T \bigl(1+ \Vert z \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}\bigr)+6M^{2}TK _{2}\bigl(1+ \Vert z \Vert ^{2}_{\mathbb{H}} \bigr) \\ &{}+6M^{2}\sqrt{L_{2}}\sqrt{T}\bigl(1+ \Vert z \Vert ^{2}_{ \mathtt{H}}\bigr)+6M^{2}K\bigl(1+ \Vert z \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}\bigr) \\ \leq & 12M^{2}{\mathbf{{E}}} \Vert z_{0} \Vert ^{2}+12M ^{2}M_{p}(1+n)+6M^{2}M^{2}_{B}T^{2} \frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{\zeta ^{2}}(1+n) \\ &{}+6M^{2}b^{2}C_{2}(1+n)+6L_{G}M^{2}N_{2}T(1+n)+6M^{2}TK_{2}(1+n) \\ &{}+6M^{2}\sqrt{L_{2}}\sqrt{b}(1+n)+6M^{2}K(1+n) \\ \leq & \biggl(12M^{2}{\mathbf{{E}}} \Vert z_{0} \Vert ^{2}+12M^{2}M_{p}+6M^{2}M^{2}_{B}T^{2} \frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{a^{2}}+6M ^{2}T^{2}C_{2} \\ &{}+6L_{G}M^{2}N_{2}T+6M^{2}TK_{2}+6M^{2} \sqrt{L_{2}}\sqrt{TT}+6M ^{2}K \biggr) \\ &{}+ \biggl(12M^{2}M_{p}+6M^{2}M^{2}_{B}T^{2} \frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{a^{2}}+6M^{2}T^{2}C_{2} \\ &{}+6L_{G}M^{2}N_{2}T+6M^{2}TK_{2}+6M^{2} \sqrt{L_{2}}\sqrt{b}+6M ^{2}K \biggr)n. \end{aligned}$$

Now dividing each side by n and considering the limit as \(n\rightarrow \infty \), we get

$$ 12M^{2}M_{p}+6M^{2} \biggl(6M^{2}_{B}T^{2} \frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{\zeta ^{2}}+T^{2}C_{2}+L_{\sigma }N_{2}T+TK_{2}+ \sqrt{L_{2}}\sqrt{T}+K \biggr) >1. $$

This is a contradiction to condition (5). Thus, \(\varTheta _{\zeta }B_{n} \subseteq B_{n}\) for any \(n>0\).

Step 3. The operators \(\varTheta _{\zeta _{1}}\) and \(\varTheta _{\zeta _{2}}\) are defined as follows:

$$\begin{aligned}& (\varTheta _{\zeta _{1}}z) (t) = \mathcal{T}(t)\bigl[z_{0}+p(z) \bigr], \\& \begin{aligned} (\varTheta _{\zeta _{2}}z) (t) &= \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s) \bigl[Bu^{\zeta }(s,z)+f\bigl(s,z(s)\bigr)\bigr]\,ds+ \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s)\sigma \bigl(s,z(s) \bigr)\,dw(s) \\ &\quad {}+ \int ^{t}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}}\mathcal{T}(t-s)h\bigl(s,z(s),u\bigr) \tilde{ \mathtt{N}}(ds,du)+\sum_{0< t_{k}< t}\mathcal{T}(t-t_{k})I_{k} \bigl(z(t _{k})\bigr), \quad t\in [0,T]. \end{aligned} \end{aligned}$$

From (H3) it is clear that \(\varTheta _{\zeta _{1}}\) is completely continuous, then for \(z_{1},z_{2}\in B_{n}\). Hence from hypotheses (H2), (H3) and for any \(t\in [0,T]\), we get

$$\begin{aligned}& {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert (\varTheta _{\zeta _{2}}z_{1}) (t)-( \varTheta _{\zeta _{2}}z_{2}) (t) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \\& \quad \leq 5 {\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s)B \bigl[u^{ \zeta }(s,z_{1})-u^{\zeta }(s,z_{2}) \bigr]\,ds \biggr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \\& \qquad {}+5{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s)\bigl[f\bigl(s,z _{1}(s)\bigr)-f\bigl(s,z_{2}(s)\bigr)\bigr]\,ds \biggr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \\& \qquad {}+5{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s)\bigl[ \sigma \bigl(s,z_{1}(s)\bigr)-\sigma \bigl(s,z_{2}(s)\bigr) \bigr]\,dw(s) \biggr\Vert ^{2}_{ \mathtt{H}} \\& \qquad {}+5{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \int ^{t}_{0}\mathcal{T}(t-s) \int _{\mathcal{U}}\bigl[h\bigl(s,z_{1}(s),u\bigr)-h \bigl(s,z_{2}(s),u\bigr)\bigr]\tilde{\mathtt{N}}(ds,du) \biggr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \\& \qquad {}+5{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl\Vert \sum_{0< t_{k}< t} \mathcal{T}(t-t _{k})I_{k}\bigl[\bigl(z_{1}(t_{k})-z_{2}(t_{k}) \bigr)\bigr] \biggr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \\& \quad \leq 5M^{2}M^{2}_{B}b \frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{\zeta ^{2}} \Vert z _{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}+5M^{2}TC_{1} \Vert z_{1}-z _{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}+5M^{2}L_{\sigma }N_{1}T \Vert z _{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \\& \qquad {}+5M^{2}K_{1}T \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}+5M ^{2} \sqrt{L_{1}}\sqrt{T} \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{ \mathtt{H}}+5M^{2}KT \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}. \\& \quad \leq \biggl(5M^{2}M^{2}_{B}T \frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{\zeta ^{2}} +5M ^{2}TC_{1}+5M^{2}L_{\sigma }N_{1}T \\& \qquad {}+5M^{2}K_{1}T+5M^{2}\sqrt{L_{1}} \sqrt{T}+5M^{2}KT \biggr) \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}. \end{aligned}$$


$$ {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert (\varTheta _{\zeta _{2}}z_{1}) (t)-( \varTheta _{\zeta _{2}}z_{2}) (t) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}} \leq L_{0} \Vert z_{1}-z_{2} \Vert ^{2}_{\mathtt{H}}, $$


$$\begin{aligned} L_{0} =& \biggl(5M^{2}M^{2}_{B}T \frac{\mathtt{M}_{u}}{a^{2}} +5M^{2}TC _{1}+5M^{2}L_{\sigma }N_{1}T+5M^{2}K_{1}T+5M^{2} \sqrt{L_{1}} \sqrt{T}+5M^{2}KT \biggr) \\ < & 1. \end{aligned}$$

Thus \(\varTheta _{\zeta _{2}}\) is a contraction mapping.

Now we have a condensing mapping \(\varTheta _{\zeta }=\varTheta _{\zeta _{1}}+ \varTheta _{\zeta _{2}}\) on \(B_{n}\). Thus, by Sadovskii’s fixed point theorem, the mild solution of (1) is the fixed point \(z(\cdot )\) for \(\varTheta _{\zeta }\) on \(B_{n}\). □

Theorem 3.2

Assume that (H1)(H5) hold and iff, σ, andhare uniformly bounded, then equation (1) is approximately controllable on\([0,T]\).


Let \(z_{a}\) be a fixed point of \(\varTheta _{\zeta }\) in \(\mathtt{H}_{2}\). By using stochastic Fubini’s theorem, we can clearly see that

$$\begin{aligned} z_{\zeta }(T) =&z_{T}-\zeta \bigl(\zeta I+\varGamma ^{T}_{0}\bigr)^{-1} \bigl( { \mathbf{{E}}}z_{T}-\mathcal{T}(T) \bigl(z_{0}+p(z)\bigr) \bigr) \\ &{}+\zeta \int ^{T}_{0}\bigl(\zeta I+\varGamma ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1}\mathcal{T}(b-s)f \bigl(s,z _{a}(s)\bigr)\,ds \\ &{}+\zeta \int ^{T}_{0}\bigl(\zeta I+\varGamma ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1}\bigl[\mathcal{T}(T-s) \sigma \bigl(s,z_{a}(s)\bigr)-\phi (s)\bigr]\,dw(s) \\ &{}+\zeta \int ^{T}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}}\bigl(a I+\varGamma ^{T}_{s} \bigr)^{-1}\bigl[ \mathcal{T}(T-s)h\bigl(s,z_{a}(s),u \bigr)\tilde{\mathtt{N}}(ds,du)\bigr] \\ &{}+\zeta \bigl(\zeta I+\varGamma ^{T}_{s} \bigr)^{-1}\sum_{0< t_{k}< t}\mathcal{T}(T-t _{k})I_{k}\bigl(z_{a}(t_{k}) \bigr). \end{aligned}$$

From our assumptions, f, σ, and h are uniformly bounded, then there exists \(\mathtt{D}>0\) such that

$$ \bigl\Vert f\bigl(s,z_{a}(s)\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2}+ \bigl\Vert \sigma \bigl(s,z_{a}(s)\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2}+ \bigl\Vert h\bigl(s,z_{a}(s),u\bigr) \bigr\Vert ^{2} \leq \mathtt{D} $$

in \([0,T]\times \varOmega \). Now there exist subsequences, indicated by \(\{ f(s,z_{a}(s)) \} \), \(\{ \sigma (s,z_{a}(s)) \} \), and \(\{ h(s,z_{a}(s),u) \} \), which converge weakly to \(f(s)\), \(\sigma (s)\) in \(\mathtt{H}\times L^{0}_{2}\) and \(h(s,u)\) in \(\mathtt{H}\times \mathtt{H}\times L^{0}_{2}\) respectively. Thus, the compactness of \(\mathcal{T}(t)\) gives \(\mathcal{T}(T-s)f(s,z_{a}(s)) \rightarrow \mathcal{T}(T-s)f(s)\), \(\mathcal{T}(T-s)\sigma (s,z_{a}(s)) \rightarrow \mathcal{T}(T-s)\sigma (s)\), \(\mathcal{T}(T-s)h(s,z_{a}(s),u) \rightarrow \mathcal{T}(T-s)h(s,u)\) in \([0,T]\times \varOmega \). Then we have

$$\begin{aligned}& {\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert z_{\zeta }(T)-z_{T} \bigr\Vert ^{2} \\& \quad \leq 9{\mathbf{{E}}} \bigl\Vert \zeta \bigl(\zeta I+\varGamma ^{T}_{0}\bigr)^{-1} \bigl[{ \mathbf{{E}}}z_{T}-\mathcal{T}(T)\bigl[z_{0}+p(z)\bigr] \bigr] \bigr\Vert ^{2} \\& \qquad {}+ 9{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl( \int ^{T}_{0} \bigl\Vert \zeta \bigl(\zeta I+ \varGamma ^{T}_{0}\bigr)^{-1}\phi (s) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathscr{L}^{0}_{2}}\,ds \biggr) \\& \qquad {}+9{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl( \int ^{T}_{0} \bigl\Vert \zeta \bigl(\zeta I+ \varGamma ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1} \bigr\Vert \bigl\Vert \mathcal{T}(T-s)\bigl[f\bigl(s,z_{a}(s)\bigr)-f(s)\bigr] \bigr\Vert \,ds \biggr)^{2} \\& \qquad {}+9{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl( \int ^{T}_{0} \bigl\Vert \zeta \bigl(\zeta I+ \varGamma ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1} \mathcal{T}(T-s)f(s) \bigr\Vert \,ds \biggr)^{2} \\& \qquad {}+9{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl( \int ^{T}_{0} \bigl\Vert \zeta \bigl(\zeta I+ \varGamma ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1} \bigr\Vert \bigl\Vert \mathcal{T}(T-s)\bigl[\sigma \bigl(s,z _{a}(s)\bigr)- \sigma (s)\bigr] \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{\mathscr{L}^{0}_{2}}\,ds \biggr) \\& \qquad {}+9{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl( \int ^{T}_{0} \bigl\Vert \zeta \bigl(\zeta I+ \varGamma ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1} \mathcal{T}(T-s)\sigma (s) \bigr\Vert ^{2}_{ \mathscr{L}^{0}_{2}}\,ds \biggr) \\& \qquad {}+9{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl( \int ^{T}_{0} \int _{\mathcal{U}} \bigl\Vert \zeta \bigl(\zeta I+\varGamma ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1} \bigr\Vert \bigl\Vert \mathcal{T}(T-s)\bigl[h\bigl(s,z _{a}(s)\bigr)-h(s,u)\bigr] \tilde{\mathtt{N}}(ds,du) \bigr\Vert \,ds \biggr)^{2} \\& \qquad {}+9{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl( \int ^{T}_{0} \bigl\Vert \zeta \bigl(\zeta I+ \varGamma ^{T}_{s}\bigr)^{-1} \mathcal{T}(T-s)h(s,u)\tilde{\mathtt{N}}(ds,du) \bigr\Vert \biggr)^{2} \\& \qquad {}+9{\mathbf{{E}}} \biggl( \biggl\Vert \zeta \bigl(\zeta I+\varGamma ^{T} _{0}\bigr)^{-1}\sum _{0< t_{k}< t}\mathcal{T}(t-t_{k})I_{k} \bigl(z_{a}(t_{k})\bigr) \biggr\Vert \biggr)^{2}. \end{aligned}$$

By (H5), for all \(0\leq s \leq T\), the operator \(\zeta (\zeta I+\varGamma ^{T}_{0})^{-1}\rightarrow 0\) strongly as \(\zeta \rightarrow 0\); moreover, \(\Vert \zeta (\zeta I+\varGamma ^{T}_{0})^{-1} \Vert \leq 1\). Thus, by the LDC theorem, we obtain \({\mathbf{{E}}} \Vert z_{\zeta }(T)-z_{T} \Vert ^{2}\rightarrow 0\). Hence the proof. □


Consider the stochastic control system:

$$ \begin{aligned} &\begin{aligned} dx(t,\theta ) &= \bigl[x_{\theta \theta }+Bu(t,\theta )+\widetilde{f} \bigl(t,x(t)\bigr) \bigr]\,dt+ \widetilde{\sigma }\bigl(t,x(t)\bigr)\,dw(t) \\ &\quad {}+ \int _{\mathcal{U}}\widetilde{h}\bigl(t,x(t),u\bigr) \widetilde{N}(ds,du),\quad t\in J, t\neq t_{k}, \end{aligned} \\ &\Delta x(t_{k}, \theta ) =\widetilde{I_{k}} \bigl(x(t_{k}),\theta \bigr),\quad t=t_{k}, k=1,2,\ldots,m, \\ &x(t,0) =x(t,\pi )=0, \quad t\in [0,T], 0< \theta < \pi , \\ &x(0,\theta )+\sum^{n}_{i=1}\alpha _{i}x(t_{i}, \theta ) =x_{0}(\theta ),\quad \theta \in [0,\pi ], \end{aligned} $$

where B is a bounded linear operator from a Hilbert space U into H; \(\widetilde{f}:J\times \mathrm{H} \rightarrow \mathrm{H}\), \(\widetilde{\sigma }:J\times \mathrm{H} \rightarrow \mathcal{L}^{0}_{2}\), \(\widetilde{h}:J \times \mathrm{X} \times \mathrm{U} \rightarrow \mathrm{H}\) are all continuous and uniformly bounded, \(u(t)\) is a feedback control, and \(w(t)\) is a Q-Wiener process.

Let \(\mathrm{H}=\mathscr{L}_{2}[0,\pi ]\), and let \(A:D(A)\subset \mathrm{H}\rightarrow \mathrm{H}\) be an operator defined by \(Ax=x_{\theta \theta }\) with domain

$$ D(A)= \bigl\{ x\in \mathrm{H}: x, x_{\theta } \text{ are absolutely continuous } x_{\theta \theta }\in \mathrm{H}, x(0)=x( \pi )=0 \bigr\} . $$

Furthermore, A has discrete spectrum, the eigenvalues are \(-n^{2}\), \(n=1,2,\ldots \) , with the corresponding normalized characteristic vectors \(e_{n}(s)=(2/\pi )^{1/2}\sin ns\), then

$$ Ax = \sum^{\infty }_{n=1}-n^{2}\langle x, e_{n}\rangle e_{n},\quad x\in \mathrm{H}. $$

Here, A generates a compact semigroup \(T(t)\), \(t>0\), in H and is given by

$$ T(t)x = \sum^{\infty }_{n=1}e^{-n^{2}t}\langle x, e_{n}\rangle e_{n}(\theta ),\quad x\in \mathbb{H}. $$

Define \(f:[0,T]\times \mathrm{H}\rightarrow \mathrm{H}\), \(\sigma :[0,T] \times \mathrm{H}\rightarrow \mathcal{L}^{0}_{2}\), \(h:J\times \mathrm{H} \times U\rightarrow \mathrm{H}\), and \(I:\mathrm{H}\rightarrow \mathrm{H}\) by

$$\begin{aligned}& f\bigl(t,x(t)\bigr) (\theta ) = \widetilde{f}\bigl(t,x(t)\bigr) (\theta ), \\& \sigma \bigl(t,x(t)\bigr) (\theta ) = \widetilde{\sigma }\bigl(t,x(t)\bigr) ( \theta ), \\& h\bigl(t,x(t),u\bigr) (\theta ) = \widetilde{h}\bigl(t,x(t),u\bigr) (\theta ), \\& I_{k}\bigl(x(t_{k})\bigr) (\theta ) = \widetilde{I_{k}}\bigl(x(t_{k})\bigr) (\theta ),\quad \bigl(t,x(t)\bigr)\in [0,T], \theta \in [0,\pi ]. \end{aligned}$$

The function \(g:\mathscr{C}([0,T];\mathrm{H})\rightarrow \mathrm{H}\) is defined as

$$ g(z) (\theta ) = \sum^{n}_{i=1}\alpha _{i}x(t_{i},\theta ),\quad 0< t_{i}< T, \theta \in [0,\pi ], $$

with this choice of A, B, f, σ, I and g, (1) is the abstract formulation of (6) such that the conditions in (H1)–(H5) are satisfied.

Now define an infinite-dimensional space

$$ \mathrm{U} = \Biggl\{ u:u=\sum^{\infty }_{n=2}u_{n}e_{n}( \theta )\bigg| \sum^{\infty }_{n=2}u^{2}_{n}< 2 \Biggr\} $$

with the norm defined by

$$ \Vert u \Vert _{\mathrm{U}} = \Biggl(\sum ^{\infty }_{n=2}u ^{2}_{n} \Biggr)^{\frac{1}{2}} $$

and a linear continuous mapping B from \(\mathrm{U}\rightarrow \mathrm{H}\) as follows:

$$ Bu = 2u_{2}e_{1}(\theta )+\sum ^{\infty }_{n=2}u_{n}(t)e_{n}( \theta ). $$

It is obvious that, for \(u(t,\theta ,\omega )=\sum^{\infty }_{n=2}u _{n}(t,\omega )e_{n}(\theta )\in \mathscr{L}^{\Im }_{2}([0,T]; \mathrm{U})\),

$$ Bu = 2u_{2}(t)e_{1}(\theta )+\sum ^{\infty }_{n=2}u_{n}(t)e_{n}( \theta )\in \mathscr{L}^{\Im }_{2}\bigl([0,T];\mathrm{U} \bigr). $$


$$\begin{aligned}& B^{*}v = (2v_{1}+v_{2})e_{2}( \theta )+\sum^{\infty }_{n=3}v_{n}e_{n}( \theta ), \\& B^{*}S^{*}(t)x = \bigl(2x_{1}e^{-t}+x_{2}e^{-4t} \bigr)e_{2}(\theta )+\sum^{ \infty }_{n=3}x_{n}e^{-n^{2}t}e_{n}( \theta ) \end{aligned}$$

for \(v=\sum^{\infty }_{n=1}v_{n}e_{n}(\theta )\) and \(x=\sum^{\infty } _{n=1}x_{n}e_{n}(\theta )\). Let \(\Vert B^{*}S^{*}(t)x \Vert =0\), \(t\in [0,T]\), it follows that

$$\begin{aligned}& \bigl\Vert 2x_{1}e^{-t}+x_{2}e^{-4t} \bigr\Vert ^{2}+\sum^{\infty }_{n=3} \bigl\Vert x_{n}e^{-n^{2}t} \bigr\Vert ^{2} = 0,\quad t\in [0,T] \\& \quad \Rightarrow\quad 0,\quad n=1,2,\ldots \\& \quad \Rightarrow \quad x=0. \end{aligned}$$

Thus, by Theorem 4.1.7 of [19], the deterministic linear system corresponding to (6) is approximate controllable on \([0,T]\). Therefore system (6) is approximate controllable provided that f, σ, I, and g satisfy assumptions (H1)–(H5).


In this paper we have established the approximate controllability of a semilinear impulsive stochastic system with nonlocal conditions and Poisson jumps in a Hilbert space. The results are obtained by using Sadovskii’s fixed point theorem and semigroup theory. Further the results have been verified by a proper example. In future the criteria may be extended to semilinear impulsive stochastic integrodifferential equations driven by a fractional Brownian motion.


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The authors would like to thank the reviewers for their constructive comments in upgrading the article.

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Anguraj, A., Ravikumar, K. & Baleanu, D. Approximate controllability of a semilinear impulsive stochastic system with nonlocal conditions and Poisson jumps. Adv Differ Equ 2020, 65 (2020).

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  • 93C25
  • 34K30
  • 34K35


  • Approximate controllability
  • Mild solutions
  • Impulsive systems
  • Poisson jumps