- Open Access
Stability and -gain analysis for 2D discrete switched systems with time-varying delays in the second FM model
© Huang and Xiang; licensee Springer 2013
- Received: 3 November 2012
- Accepted: 22 February 2013
- Published: 14 March 2013
This paper is concerned with the problems of stability and -gain analysis for 2D (two-dimensional) discrete switched systems with time-varying delays described by the second FM state-space model. Firstly, we introduce the definition of the average dwell time for a 2D discrete switched system, which is an extension of the ‘average dwell time’ concept of a 1D (one-dimensional) switched system. Secondly, based on the average dwell time approach, delay-dependent sufficient conditions for the existence of the exponential stability for the 2D discrete switched system are derived and -gain performance for the considered system is also analyzed. All the obtained results are formulated in a set of LMIs (linear matrix inequalities). Finally, a numerical example is given to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed results.
- 2D systems
- switched systems
- time-varying delays
- average dwell time
- linear matrix inequality
2D (Two-dimensional) systems, which are a class of multi-dimensional systems, have received considerable attention over the past few decades due to their wide applications in many areas such as multi-dimensional digital filtering, linear image processing, signal processing, and process control [1–3]. The 2D system theory is frequently used as an analysis tool to solve some problems, e.g., iterative learning control [4, 5] and repetitive process control [6, 7]. The problems on realization, stability analysis, stabilization, filter design, and so on for 2D or n D systems have attracted a great deal of interest by many researchers. Xu et al. [8, 9] investigated the realization of 2D systems, and the problems of stability and stabilization for these systems were studied extensively in [10–17]. The observer and filter design problems have also been considered in [18–20].
It is known that modeling uncertainties and disturbances are unavoidable in practical systems, and it is important to investigate the problems of control and robust stabilization of 2D systems. Recently, many results on control for 2D systems have been presented in [21–23]. Because time delays frequently occur in practical systems and are often the source of instability, the control problem for a class of 2D discrete systems with state delays has also been investigated in [24, 25].
On the other hand, since switched systems have numerous applications in many fields, such as mechanical systems, automotive industry, switched power converters, this class of systems has also attracted considerable attention during the past several decades [26–33]. Recently, some approaches have been applied widely to deal with these systems; see, for example, [26–33] and references cited therein. As stated in [34, 35], in many modeling problems of physical processes, a 2D switching representation is needed. One can cite a 2D physically based model for advanced power bipolar devices and heat flux switching and modulating in a thermal transistor. At present, there have been a few reports on 2D discrete switched systems. Benzaouia et al.  firstly considered 2D switched systems with arbitrary switching sequences, and the process of switch is considered as a Markovian jumping one. In addition, the stabilization problem of discrete 2D switched systems was also studied in . In , we extended the concept of average dwell time in 1D switched systems to 2D switched systems and designed a switching rule to guarantee the exponential stability of 2D switched delay-free systems. However, to the best of our knowledge, no works have considered the disturbance attenuation property of 2D switched systems to date. Moreover, because of the complicated behavior caused by the interaction between the continuous dynamics and discrete switching, the problem of disturbance attenuation performance analysis for 2D switched systems is more difficult to study, and the methods proposed in [21–25] cannot be directly applied to such systems. This motivates the present study.
In this paper, we are interested in investigating the issues of the exponential stability and -gain analysis for 2D discrete switched systems with time-varying delays represented by the second FM model. The main contributions of this paper can be summarized as follows: (i) Based on the average dwell time approach, a delay-dependent exponential stability criterion for such systems is obtained and formulated in terms of LMIs (linear matrix inequalities); (ii) The Lyapunov-Krasovskii function with exponential term, which is different from the previous ones, is constructed to investigate the stability of the considered systems; and (iii) In order to investigate the disturbance attenuation property of the considered systems, we for the first time introduce the concept of -gain for a 2D switched system, which is an extension of the -gain performance index in the 1D case. The -gain performance index can characterize the disturbance attenuation property of the underlying systems, and then, based on the established stability results, delay-dependent sufficient conditions for the existence of -gain performance are derived in terms of LMIs, which can be easily verified by using some standard numerical software. The proposed method can also be applied to non-switched 2D discrete linear systems.
This paper is organized as follows. In Section 2, problem formulation and some necessary lemmas are given. In Section 3, based on the average dwell time approach, delay-dependent sufficient conditions for the existence of the exponential stability and -gain property are derived in terms of a set of matrix inequalities. A numerical example is provided to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in Section 4. Concluding remarks are given in Section 5.
and belongs to if .
where , , , and denote the lower and upper delay bounds along horizontal and vertical directions, respectively.
Therefore, the addressed system (1) can be viewed as an extension of 2D time-varying delays systems to switched systems.
where and are positive integers, and are given vectors.
Remark 2 From Definition 1, it is easy to see that when Z is given, will be bounded and will tend to be zero exponentially as D goes to infinity, which also means will tend to be zero exponentially.
Definition 2 
holds for given , , then the constant is called the average dwell time and is the chatter bound.
Remark 3 Definition 2 is an extension of the ‘average dwell time’ concept in a 1D switched system, which can be seen in . In what follows, based on the extended average dwell time concept, we will investigate the problems of stability and -gain analysis for a 2D discrete switched system with time-varying delays. It should be noted that we have studied the problems of stability analysis and stabilization of delay-free 2D switched systems using the average dwell time approach in .
Remark 4 Similar to the 1D switched system case, Definition 2 means that if there exists a positive number such that the switching signal has the average dwell time property, the average time interval between consecutive switching is at least . The average dwell time method is used to restrict the switching number of the switching signal during a time interval such that the stability or other performances of the system can be guaranteed.
Definition 3 Consider 2D discrete switched system (1). For a given scalar , system (1) is said to have -gain γ under the switching signal if it satisfies the following conditions: (1)
When , system (1) is asymptotically stable;
Remark 5 It is not difficult to see that Definition 3 is an extension of the -gain performance index in the 1D case. γ characterizes the disturbance attenuation performance. The smaller γ is, the better performance is.
Definition 4 Consider 2D discrete switched system (1). For a given scalar , system (1) is said to have weighted -gain γ under the switching signal if it satisfies the following conditions:
(1) When , system (1) is asymptotically stable;
Remark 6 Similar to the 1D switched system case, Definition 4 means that system (1) can also have disturbances attenuation properties when it satisfies conditions (1) and (2) in Definition 4.
Therefore, according to Definition 1, system (1) is exponentially stable under the average dwell time scheme (10). □
3.1 Stability analysis
the system is exponentially stable.
Proof See the Appendix for the detailed proof, it is omitted here. □
Remark 7 In Theorem 1, we propose a sufficient condition for the existence of exponential stability for the considered 2D discrete switched system (1). It is worth noting that this condition is obtained by using the average dwell time approach.
3.2 -gain performance analysis
hold, then under the average dwell time scheme (17), the system is exponentially stable and has weighted -gain γ.
Proof It is easy to get that (15) can be deduced from (19), and according to Theorem 1, we can obtain that system (1) is exponentially stable.
According to Definition 4, we obtain that system (1) is exponentially stable and has weighted -gain γ. The proof is completed. □
Remark 8 We would like to stress that the -gain performance analysis problem of 2D discrete switched systems is firstly considered in the paper. Although some results on -gain performance analysis of 2D systems have been obtained in [21–25], the existing methods proposed in these papers cannot be directly applied to 2D switched systems. In Theorem 2, sufficient conditions for the existence of -gain performance for system (1) are derived in terms of a set of LMIs.
Remark 9 As for the applicability of Theorem 2, it is easy to see that a larger α and a larger γ will be favorable to the feasibility of matrix inequality (19), while a smaller α is more expectable to decrease , and a smaller γ means the better performance of the system. Thus for the first time, we can chose a smaller α and a smaller γ, and then, by adjusting the values of α and γ, we can find a feasible solution.
Therefore, -gain is achieved for switched system (1) under arbitrary switching. We state the fact in the following corollary.
Corollary 1 Consider system (1). For given positive constants γ and , if there exist positive definite symmetric matrices , , , , , , , , and matrices , , , , and with appropriate dimensions such that (16) and (19) hold for , then the 2D discrete switched system (1) achieves the -gain under arbitrary switching signals.
This paper has investigated the problems of stability and -gain analysis for 2D discrete switched systems with time-varying delays described by the second FM model. A delay-dependent exponential stability criterion is obtained via the average dwell time approach. Then some sufficient conditions for the existence of weighted -gain for the considered system are derived in terms of LMIs. Finally, an example is also given to illustrate the applicability of the proposed results. Our future work will focus on extending the proposed results to other kinds of 2D discrete switched systems such as 2D discrete switched stochastic systems or 2D discrete switched nonlinear systems.
In addition, (9) can be deduced from (18), thus by Lemma 1, we can conclude that 2D discrete switched system (1) is exponentially stable. □
This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 60974027 and 61273120.
- Du CL, Xie LH: Control and Filtering of Two-Dimensional Systems. Springer, Berlin; 2002.Google Scholar
- Kaczorek T: Two-Dimensional Linear Systems. Springer, Berlin; 1985.Google Scholar
- Lu WS: Two-Dimensional Digital Filters. Dekker, New York; 1992.Google Scholar
- Owens DH, Amann N, Rogers E, French M: Analysis of linear iterative learning control schemes - a 2D systems/repetitive processes approach. Multidimens. Syst. Signal Process. 2000, 11(1-2):125-177.MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Li XD, Ho JKL, Chow TWS: Iterative learning control for linear time-variant discrete systems based on 2-D system theory. IEE Proc., Control Theory Appl. 2005, 152(1):13-18. 10.1049/ip-cta:20041125View ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Bochniak J, Galkowski K, Rogers E, Mehdi D, Kummert O, Bachelier A: Stabilization of discrete linear repetitive processes with switched dynamics. Multidimens. Syst. Signal Process. 2006, 17(2-3):271-295. 10.1007/s11045-005-6298-2MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Galkowski K, Rogers E, Xu S, Lam J, Owens DH: LMIs - a fundamental tool in analysis and controller design for discrete linear repetitive processes. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Fundam. Theory Appl. 2002, 49(6):768-777. 10.1109/TCSI.2002.1010032MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Xu L, Wu LK, Wu QH, Lin ZP, Xiao YG: On realization of 2D discrete systems by Fornasini-Marchesini model. Int. J. Control. Autom. Syst. 2005, 3(4):631-639.Google Scholar
- Xu L, Wu QH, Lin ZP, Xiao YG: A new constructive procedure for 2-D coprime realization in Fornasini-Marchesini model. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. 2007, 54(9):2061-2069.MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Lin ZP: Feedback stabilization of MIMO n D linear systems. IEEE Trans. Autom. Control 2000, 45(12):2419-2424. 10.1109/9.895586View ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Xu L, Yamada M, Lin ZP, Saito O, Anazawa Y: Further improvements on Bose’s 2D stability test. Int. J. Control. Autom. Syst. 2004, 2(3):319-332.Google Scholar
- Lin ZP, Lam J, Galkowski K, Xu SY: A constructive approach to stabilizability and stabilization of a class of n D systems. Multidimens. Syst. Signal Process. 2001, 12(3-4):329-343.MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Fornasini E, Marchesini G: Stability analysis of 2-D systems. IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. 1980, 27(10):1210-1217.MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Ye SX, Wang WQ: Stability analysis and stabilisation for a class of 2-D nonlinear discrete systems. Int. J. Syst. Sci. 2011, 42(5):839-851. 10.1080/00207721.2010.518255MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Paszke W, Lam J, Galkowski K, Xu SY, Lin ZP: Robust stability and stabilisation of 2D discrete state-delayed systems. Syst. Control Lett. 2004, 51(3-4):277-291. 10.1016/j.sysconle.2003.09.003MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Chen SF: Delay-dependent stability for 2D systems with time-varying delay subject to state saturation in the Roesser model. Appl. Math. Comput. 2010, 216(9):2613-2622. 10.1016/j.amc.2010.03.104MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Feng ZY, Xu L, Wu M, He Y: Delay-dependent robust stability and stabilisation of uncertain two-dimensional discrete systems with time-varying delays. IET Control Theory Appl. 2010, 4(10):1959-1971. 10.1049/iet-cta.2009.0284MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Xu HL, Lin ZP, Makur A: The existence and design of functional observers for two-dimensional systems. Syst. Control Lett. 2012, 61(2):362-368. 10.1016/j.sysconle.2011.11.011MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Xu SY, Lam J, Zhou Y, Lin ZP, Paszke W:Robust filtering for uncertain 2-D continuous systems. IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 2005, 35(5):1731-1738.Google Scholar
- Xu HL, Lin ZP, Makur A:Non-fragile filter design for polytopic 2-D system in Fornasini-Marchesini model. Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Circuist and Systems 2010, 997-1000.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Xie LH, Du CL, Soh YC, Zhang CS: and robust control of 2-D systems in FM second model. Multidimens. Syst. Signal Process. 2002, 13(3):265-287. 10.1023/A:1015808429836MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Du CL, Xie LH, Zhang CS: control and robust stabilization of two-dimensional systems in Roesser models. Automatica 2001, 37(2):205-211. 10.1016/S0005-1098(00)00155-2MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Yang R, Xie LH, Zhang CS: and mixed control of two-dimensional systems in Roesser model. Automatica 2006, 42(9):1507-1514. 10.1016/j.automatica.2006.04.002MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Xu JM, Yu L: control of 2-D discrete state delay systems. Int. J. Control. Autom. Syst. 2006, 4(4):516-523.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
- Xu JM, Yu L:Delay-dependent control for 2-D discrete state delay systems in the second FM model. Multidimens. Syst. Signal Process. 2009, 20(4):333-349. 10.1007/s11045-008-0074-zMathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Hespanha JP, Morse AS: Stability of switched systems with average dwell time. Proceedings of the 38th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control 1999, 2655-2660.Google Scholar
- Zhai GS, Hu B, Yasuda K, Michel AN: Stability analysis of switched systems with stable and unstable subsystems: an average dwell time approach. Proceedings of the American Control Conference 2000, 200-204.Google Scholar
- Xiang ZR, Wang RH: Robust stabilization of switched non-linear systems with time-varying delays under asynchronous switching. Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part I, J. Syst. Control Eng. 2009, 223(8):1111-1128. 10.1243/09596518JSCE809MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Xiang ZR, Wang RH: Robust control for uncertain switched non-linear systems with time delay under asynchronous switching. IET Control Theory Appl. 2009, 3(8):1041-1050. 10.1049/iet-cta.2008.0150MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Sun XM, Zhao J, David JH:Stability and -gain analysis for switched delay systems: a delay-dependent method. Automatica 2006, 42(10):1769-1774. 10.1016/j.automatica.2006.05.007MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Wang YJ, Yao ZX, Zuo ZQ, Zhao HM:Delay-dependent robust control for a class of switched systems with time delay. IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Control 2008, 882-887.Google Scholar
- Sun YG, Wang L, Xie GM:Delay-dependent robust stability and control for uncertain discrete-time switched systems with mode-dependent time delays. Appl. Math. Comput. 2007, 187(2):1228-1237. 10.1016/j.amc.2006.09.053MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Wang R, Liu M, Zhao J:Reliable control for a class of switched nonlinear systems with actuator failures. Nonlinear Anal. Hybrid Syst. 2007, 1(3):317-325. 10.1016/j.nahs.2006.11.002MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Benzaouia A, Hmamed A, Tadeo F: Stability conditions for discrete 2D switching systems, based on a multiple Lyapunov function. European Control Conference 2009, 23-26.Google Scholar
- Benzaouia A, Hmamed A, Tadeo F, Hajjaji AE: Stabilisation of discrete 2D time switching systems by state feedback control. Int. J. Syst. Sci. 2011, 42(3):479-487. 10.1080/00207720903576522View ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Xiang Z, Huang S: Stability analysis and stabilization of discrete-time 2D switched systems. Circuits Syst. Signal Process. 2013, 32(1):401-414. 10.1007/s00034-012-9464-4MathSciNetView ArticleGoogle Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.