Open Access

Oscillation criteria for first-order forced nonlinear difference equations

Advances in Difference Equations20062006:062579

https://doi.org/10.1155/ADE/2006/62579

Received: 11 August 2005

Accepted: 25 April 2006

Published: 6 July 2006

Abstract

Some new criteria for the oscillation of first-order forced nonlinear difference equations of the form Δx(n)+q1(n)x μ (n+1) = q2(n)x λ (n+1)+e(n), where λ, μ are the ratios of positive odd integers 0 <μ < 1 and λ > 1, are established.

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Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Mathematical Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology
(2)
Department of Engineering Mathematics, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University

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Copyright

© Ravi P. Agarwal et al. 2006

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.