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  • Research Article
  • Open Access

Oscillation criteria for first-order forced nonlinear difference equations

Advances in Difference Equations20062006:062579

  • Received: 11 August 2005
  • Accepted: 25 April 2006
  • Published:


Some new criteria for the oscillation of first-order forced nonlinear difference equations of the form Δx(n)+q1(n)x μ (n+1) = q2(n)x λ (n+1)+e(n), where λ, μ are the ratios of positive odd integers 0 <μ < 1 and λ > 1, are established.


  • Differential Equation
  • Partial Differential Equation
  • Ordinary Differential Equation
  • Functional Analysis
  • Functional Equation


Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Mathematical Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL 32901, USA
Department of Engineering Mathematics, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Orman, Giza, 12221, Egypt


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© Ravi P. Agarwal et al. 2006

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