# Solution to a Function Equation and Divergence Measures

- Chuan-Lei Dong
^{1}and - Jin Liang
^{1}Email author

**2011**:617564

https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/617564

© C.-L. Dong and J. Liang. 2011

**Received: **1 January 2011

**Accepted: **11 February 2011

**Published: **10 March 2011

## Abstract

## 1. Introduction

As early as in 1952, Chernoff [1] used the -divergence to evaluate classification errors. Since then, the study of various divergence measures has been attracting many researchers. So far, we have known that the Csiszár -divergence is a unique class of divergences having information monotonicity, from which the dual geometrical structure with the Fisher metric is derived, and the Bregman divergence is another class of divergences that gives a dually flat geometrical structure different from the -structure in general. Actually, a divergence measure between two probability distributions or positive measures have been proved a useful tool for solving optimization problems in optimization, signal processing, machine learning, and statistical inference. For more information on the theory of divergence measures, please see, for example, [2–5] and references therein.

then is the solution of a linear homogenous differential equation with constant coefficients. Moreover, new results on divergence measures are given.

Throughout this paper, we let be the set of real numbers and are a convex set.

Basic notations: ; is strictly convex and twice differentiable; is differentiable injective map; is the general vector Bregman divergence; is strictly convex twice-continuously differentiable function satisfying ; is the vector -divergence.

then we say the or is in the intersection of -divergence and general Bregman divergence.

For more information on some basic concepts of divergence measures, we refer the reader to, for example, [2–5] and references therein.

## 2. Main Results

Theorem 2.1.

Proof.

The proof is then complete.

Theorem 2.2.

Proof.

Thus, a modification of Theorem 2.1 implies the conclusion.

Moreover, it is not so hard to deduce the following theorem.

Theorem 2.3.

where is strictly monotone twice-continuously differentiable functions. Then the divergence is -divergence or vector -divergence times a positive constant .

## Declarations

### Acknowledgments

This work was supported partially by the NSF of China and the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China.

## Authors’ Affiliations

## References

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## Copyright

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