Abstract Differential and Difference Equations
© G. M. N'Guérékata et al. 2010
Received: 31 December 2010
Accepted: 31 December 2010
Published: 6 March 2011
This special issue of Advances in Difference Equations is devoted to highlight some recent developments in abstract differential equations, fractional differential equations, and difference equations and their applications to mathematical physics, engineering, and biology. It consists of 20 papers carefully selected through a rigorous peer review.
The first category of papers deals with the asymptotic and oscillatory behavior of solutions to various abstract differential equations and fractional differential equations. Periodic problems involving the scalar p- Laplacian equation on time scales, or n- species nonautonomous food chains with harvesting terms are studied using the Mawhin's continuation theorem. Some new oscillation criteria for the second-order quasilinear neutral delay dynamic equations and nonlinear delay dynamic equations on a time scale T, are established, improving some known results for oscillation of second-order nonlinear delay dynamic equations on time scales.
in complex Banach spaces, with Stepanov-like almost automorphic coefficients is obtained, and applications to fractional relaxation-oscillation equations are presented. The method used here can be applied successfully to a large class of fractional differential equations.
arises in the study of the dynamics of income, employment, value of capital stock, and cumulative balance of payment.
Abstract partial neutral differential equations also appear in the theory of heat conduction. In the classic theory of heat conduction, it is assumed that the internal energy and the heat flux depend linearly on the temperature and on its gradient.
Under these conditions, the classic heat equation describes sufficiently well the evolution of the temperature in different types of materials. However, this description is not satisfactory in materials with fading memory. In the theory developed by J. Nunziato, M. E. Gurtin, and A. C. Pipkin, the internal energy and the heat flux are described as functionals of u and . An abstract and more general version of neutral system describing such phenomena is considered. The existence and qualitative properties of an exponentially stable resolvent operator for a class of integrodifferential system is studied.
The theory of functional differential equations has emerged as an important branch of nonlinear analysis. It is worthwhile mentioning that several important problems of the theory of ordinary and delay differential equations lead to investigations of functional differential equations of various types (see the books by Hale and Verduyn Lunel, Wu, and articles by Liang, Xiao, Mophou, N'Guérékata, Benchohra, Lizama, Hernandez, etc. and the references therein). On the other hand, the theory of fractional differential equations is also intensively studied and finds numerous applications in describing real world problems (see e.g., the monographs of Lakshmikantham et al., Vatsala, Podlubny, and the papers of Agarwal et al., Benchohra et al.). In this issue, the existence of mild solutions to various fractional differential equations with nonlocal conditions or with infinite delay is studied using classical fixed point theorems.
Also, recently, the study of max-type difference equation attracted a considerable attention. Although max-type difference equations are relatively simple in form, it is unfortunately extremely difficult to understand thoroughly the behavior of their solutions. The max operator arises naturally in certain models in automatic control theory. Furthermore, difference equation appear naturally as a discrete analogue and as a numerical solution of differential and delay differential equations having applications in various scientific branches, such as ecology, economy, physics, technics, sociology, and biology. Asymptotic behavior of the positive solutions of a general difference equations is studied in a fine paper, improving recent results by Yang et al.
G. M. N'GuérékataT. DiaganaA. Pankov
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